How do you appeal property taxes – Connecticut?
The general process is the same everywhere. Details may vary so you need to contact City Hall – Assessor’s Office and ask how to appeal. They usually have a form and instruction sheet. Watch the appeal deadlines.
The theory is that a comparable house(s) recently sold for the price of your new appraisal. You need to demonstrate it’s an unfair comparison. The key price is today’s salable value – not what you paid 20 years ago.
If you’ve had significant updates to your house done without permits and inspections, you’re asking for trouble. The city can demand a physical inspection of your house to evaluate your claims and they’ll spot that new bedroom, finished basement, outbuilding for the boat, etc. and agree the assessment was wrong – it was too low.
There is a racket of property attorneys use by offering to make the appeal for you. If they win they charge a fee. If they lose, they charge a fee. The homeowner rarely wins.
It is best to prepare your own appeal case, attorneys are not appraisers and will just cost you a lot of cash. You do not even need to hire a real estate appraiser, you will have just as good a chance of winning your appeal on your own when you have the right tools to guide you.
Learn more about how to appeal your property assessment here:
Real Estate Tax For Property
Real estate properties in the U.S. are taxed by the federal and state governments. Taxes on these properties are a major source of revenue for local governments. Property tax rates, in the form of percentage, are usually decided by city councils, school boards, town boards, village boards and county legislatures and are collected each year by municipalities such as cities, counties and districts. Every year normally during September or October, the board conducts budget hearings to find out how much funds they will need for their operations the following year. The tax rate is then determined by dividing the board's total taxes by the total assessed value of the jurisdiction.
Property taxes have a special purpose. The funds collected from taxpayers
are used by municipalities to improve vital public facilities and infrastructure such as schools, sewers, libraries, fire stations, hospitals, parks, roads and bridges.
Laws on the various aspects of real estate properties as well as forms of property tax vary from state to state. However, there's a standard formula in calculating property taxes on a home. The normal process involves multiplying the assessed value of a certain property by the prevailing tax rate. Exemptions, if any, are then deducted from the resulting figure. Currently, some 40 states give property tax credits or homestead exemptions that allow a property to have a lower taxable assessed value.
In some states, the property tax rate is known as a millage tax, millage rate or mill levy with one mill equivalent to 1/1,000 of a dollar. Simply put, an owner of a property will have to pay one dollar for every $1,000 in taxable value.
The assessed value of a property is vital in determining the property tax. It is here where the assessor comes in and not in calculating the property tax as some other people might believe. To get the assessed value, the assessor estimates the market value of a property or the price it would likely sell for in the real estate market. This is done by conducting studies and analysis of the local real estate market and taking into consideration new construction, improvements done to the property and demolition of structures.
On your own as a homeowner, you should get an idea of your home's market value based on the sale prices of comparable properties in your neighborhood. If in the event you find that your assessment is a bit high, there is still a chance to have the value reduced through administrative and judicial proceedings or by consultation with your local assessor.
In coming up with the assessed value for residential properties, the actual value is multiplied by the residential assessment rate. The residential assessment rate is usually set by the state thus, it differs in every state.
So for example, the actual value of a home is $120,000 and the assessment rate is 7 percent, the assessed value would be $8,400.
Meanwhile, in getting the property tax for the same home valued at $120,000 with a tax rate of say, 25 percent, multiply the assessed value with the tax rate ($8,400 x .025) and you'll have a property tax bill of $2,100.
Keep in mind that property taxes have to paid each year and failure to do so would mean penalties. If possible, learn more about this important tax and other related programs such as tax breaks and tax reliefs that could provide you and your family reduced taxes.
How Property Taxes Are Calculated On A Home
To prorate means to divide something so that each person pays her fair share. The real estate term for dividing expenses that are paid after they are incurred or are prepaid is called prorations. For example, sometimes real estate taxes are paid in arrears. This means that they are paid currently for the year before. The practical effect of this is that the buyer will in many cases get a tax bill for time when she did not own the house and therefore was not responsible for the taxes.
An example will make this easier to understand. Let's say you closed on the house you bought on August 31, 2007. You are responsible for 4 months worth of real estate taxes for 2007. Unfortunately, the tax bill does not arrive until May of 2008. This is where prorations come into play. At the closing, you will be responsible for 1/3 of the tax bill that will arrive in May, 2008. That means the seller will give you, the buyer, an amount equal 2/3 of the agreed to prorated tax amount and you will pay the real estate tax bill.
The tricky part comes about because real estate taxes always seem to be going up. This is usually handled as part of the negotiations. The buyer will ask for an amount based on the seller's last year's tax bill plus a small percentage, usually 5 or 10% extra, and some agreement will be reached.
An unusually large increase in the real estate taxes due to a reassessment, rate increase or both can further complicate matters. With the gains in real estate prices in the recent past, many taxing bodies have become eager to capture at least part of that gain. So it is buyer beware and make sure you check with the local taxing authorities.
Prorations can also be used to adjust for any expenses that have been paid by the seller ahead of time, such as prepaid mortgage interest, prepaid casualty insurance, or such items as rent or utility bills.
© 2007 Complete Books Publishing, Inc.
- Fairfield County Property Tax Appeal
- Hartford County Property Tax Appeal
- Litchfield County Property Tax Appeal
- Middlesex County Property Tax Appeal
- New Haven County Property Tax Appeal
- New London County Property Tax Appeal
- Tolland County Property Tax Appeal
- Windham County Property Tax Appeal